what does a ct scan of the head show?

So I will escape this. How does having a CT scan of the head and face feel? The appearance of tissues on a CT scan is described in terms of ‘density’. The dye may make you feel warm and flushed and give you a metallic taste in your mouth. Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. It has a role to play in those situations where magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is contraindicated. It will not show the immediate damage to the brain tissue. CT Scan is one of the most widely used investigation procedures. Helical CT is a continuous volume acquisition that ensures that no lesions are lost due to respiration or after motion-related artifact. Alamgir Hossain ShemulLeave a comment. Computed Tomography (CT) Scan of the Head and Face. This is a useful add-on to the conventional CT scan and is used in about 50% cases. Check for following hemorrhages. A head and brain CT scan can be used to guide doctors or surgeons during a procedure, such as a biopsy. It can also show major abnormalities such as masses and edema from large strokes. A cranial CT scan is a diagnostic tool used to create detailed pictures of features inside your head, such as your skull, brain, paranasal sinuses, ventricles, and eye sockets. CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body. The information provided is entered into a computer, which makes a black-and-white picture that shows a specified area of the body. Intracerebral (axial) haemorrhage occurring within the brain itself. You get nervous in confined spaces. CT by comparison lets us easily go sub millimeter with our resolution. Taking history is critical to identify fractures. The computed tomography (CT) scan is a medical imaging procedure that uses x-rays and digital computer technology to create detailed two- or three-dimensional images of the body. You will take off all or most of your clothes and change into a gown. Distilled water at standard temperature and pressure has 0 HU, whereas air under the same conditions has -1000 HU and bone has 400 to1000 HU. In the film, the agent increases the contrast between blood and surrounding tissues. This is a well-known mnemonic to use for assessing the CT film. The risk is higher in children, young adults, and people who have many radiation tests. Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) – secondary to trauma, hypertension and haemorrhagic stroke. Darker structures are ‘hypodense or low density’; brighter structures are ‘hyperdense or high density’. CT scans are really just fancy x-rays which are re-constructed differently. During a CT scan, you will need to lie on a bed that’s slowly moved into a CT scanner head first; the scanner will rotate around your head. Look for fractures of the calvarium and skull base. Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) – usually associated with significant trauma. A computerized tomography (CT) scan combines a series of X-ray images taken from different angles around your body and uses computer processing to create cross-sectional images (slices) of the bones, blood vessels and soft tissues inside your body. There is a small chance of getting cancer from some types of CT scans. The brain tissue damage typically does not show up on the MRI until 24 hours after the event and 72 hours on the CT scan. The patient will be exposed to radiation when undergoing a CT scan. It is not possible … That’s how the technology creates a clear image of the inside of your head or neck. According to hopkinsmedicine.org, a CT scan “can be helpful in diagnosing some types of brain tumors,” particularly “those near or involving bone.” The CAT scan can also show bleeding, swelling, bone and tissue calcification that would be caused by a cancer. You will be asked to hold still during the scan. During the test, you will lie on a table that is attached to the CT scanner. Like an X-ray, a CT head scan will expose you to a small dose of radiation. Window Level (WL) and Window Width (WW): Not easy to understand and also not needed for basic understandings. But if you prefer, you can store some of your breast milk ahead of time and use it for a day or two after the test. Increased speed and ability to perform volume acquisition. If you breastfeed and are concerned about whether the dye used in this test is safe, talk to your doctor. A computed tomography (CT) scan is an imaging test that uses a computer to put a series of x-ray images together to create detailed 3D images of organs, tissues, bones and blood vessels in the body. CT scan is a very low-risk procedure. What else should you know about the test? Growths, such as a mass or tumor: An MRI can show a growth in one or more areas of the head or neck. The letters CT stand for computed tomography. The extent to which a material can be penetrated by an x-ray is expressed as Hounsfield Units (HU). Repeat exposure to CT scans over a long period of time can increase your risk of cancer. How to Interpret CT Scan Head. During the test, you will lie … First, confirm that you have the right film for the right patient. However, it is a safe level. B=Blood C=Cistern B=Brain V=Ventricles B=Bone. A throat CT (computerized tomography) scan is a diagnostic imaging tool used to evaluate the throat and detect various markers that may indicate disease and illness, from inflammation to malignancy. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Major abnormalities: Ct is typically used in the acute setting to look for blood. A CT scan of the head can give your doctor information about your eyes, the bones of your face and nose, your inner ear, and your brain. If you do leave some clothes on, make sure you take everything out of your pockets. Multislice CT allows faster scanning, thinner sections or larger scan ranges, which lead to less motion artifact, especially in critically ill patients, children and trauma patients. The actual test only takes a few minutes. Some people feel sick to their stomach or get a headache. A CT scan is generally good for larger areas, while an MRI scan produces a better overall image of … A CT scan of the head can give your doctor information about your eyes, the bones of your face and nose, your inner ear, and your brain. E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine. You can go back to your usual activities right away. Unlike other forms of medical imaging, the CT scan can make an image of every type of body structure at once, including bone, blood vessels and soft tissue. If you are concerned about this risk, talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of a CT scan and confirm that the test is needed. Required fields are marked *, Understanding Basics and How to Read Head CT Scan, 5 Myths and Realities About Hip Replacement. They can also identify the bone structures within the body and can accurately measure the density of bone. Acute hemorrhage absorbs X-rays and appears hyperdense (white) on CT scans. For example, tell your doctor if: The test will not cause pain, but some people feel nervous inside the CT scanner. Careful evaluation to look for subtle fractures here is essential. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated. Talk to your doctor about all your health conditions before the test. Highly vascularized areas will become brighter in the film. Due to radiation, it can not be performed during early pregnancy. If a dye is used, you may feel a quick sting or pinch when the IV is started. Just know that, On CT examination of the chest, a WW of 300 to 350 and WL of 35 to 45 are chosen to image the mediastinum soft tissue window whereas WW of 1500 and WL of 0 is used to assess the lung window. Most of this time is spent getting ready for the scan. Tell the technologist or your doctor how you are feeling. Computed tomography, more commonly known as a CT or CAT scan, is a diagnostic medical test that, like traditional x-rays, produces multiple images or pictures of the inside of the body. Download PDF Books for more reading and exercise images. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. It’s important to keep as still as possible during the scan, so that the images come out clear. But a technologist will watch you through a window and talk with you during the test. A CT Brain would still be very helpful in your case, though - it would show any signs of meningitis (causing your sore neck) and any signs of a stroke (causing vision problems). What happens during a CT scan. Drink plenty of fluids for 24 hours after the test if dye was used, unless your doctor tells you not to. It may help visualize the pathology more clearly and indicate the nature of the lesion by the amount and distribution of contrast uptake. Blood containing this contrast agent flows through the vessels of the area to be scanned. ©2006-2020 Healthwise, Incorporated. Evaluation of postoperative patients as well as of bone and detection of calcification in brain lesions. Subtle areas of low density within the inner table of the skull may represent small locals of air in the soft tissue windows. One circle is taken at a time in a full circle rotation. The term head scan can either refer to a cranial computed tomography (CT) scan or a magnetic resonance imaging scan of the head.Both the CT scan and the MRI scan are non-invasive methods to make pictures of a patient's head, including the brain, skull, and other tissues.Each type of head scan is painless and provides the physician with important information to diagnose a variety of … They can produce cross-sectional images of the brain, for example. The appearance of tissues on a CT scan is described in terms of ‘density’. CT scans are sometimes called CAT scans. Did your doctor prescribe a head or brain CT scan? The biggest potential risk is with a contrast (also called dye) injection that is sometimes used in CT scanning. The soft tissue discrimination is poor. A CT scan is often used to quickly inspect a patient after an accident in order to identify traumatic internal injuries. If a medicine to help you relax (sedative) or dye is used, you may feel a quick sting or pinch when the IV is started. Children’s Epilepsy or Seizure Cause, Symptoms Treatments, 9 Things A Pediatrician Wants You To Stop Doing, How to Treat Common Intestinal Parasite Infection in Children, Cell Phone and Mobile Tower Radiation: How to Stay Safe, Corona Virus COVID-19 Treatment Guideline by Prof Dr Robed Amin, CT Scan MRI Ultrasonography Xray Test in BSMMU PG Hospital, Download Step on to Pediatrics by Prof Abid Hossain Mollah, Available Investigations and Fees in BSMMU PG hospital [How To]. You may be asked to hold your breath for short periods. A CT scan of the head can help find the cause of symptoms that may mean you have a brain injury or bleeding inside your head. CT scan is one of common procedures used to analyze the brain damage due to stroke. What do head ct scan look for or indicate ct scan image a shows brain scan where the matter s appearance is fairly uniform a ct scan of the head showing hematoma ca by an injury to back skull during car accident b spine. A computer then calculates and converts the rate of absorption and density of Xrays into a picture on a screen. Intraventricular hemorrhage appears as hyperdensity within the ventricular system. The dye may make you feel warm and flushed and give you a metallic taste in your mouth. Subdural hemorrhage (SDH) – crescent-shaped blood collection that can cross suture lines; usually secondary to venous disruption of surface and/or bridging vessels. Some people feel sick to their stomach or get a headache. You may need medicine to help you relax. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It is not possible to mistake this for an old infarction of the brain . The table will move during the scan. Ct is the best exam for looking at skull fractures and usually partially shows the bones of the sinuses and face. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the head is an imaging scan that uses X-rays to develop a 3D image of the skull, brain, and other related areas of the head. Different tissues interact with X-rays in different ways. You will lie on a table that is attached to the CT scanner. Extracerebral (axial) haemorrhage occurring within the skull, but outside the brain. First, confirm that you have the right film for the right patient. What happens during a brain CT scan. Suprasellar – superior to the sella turcica, Quadrigeminal – adjacent to the corpora quadrigemina, Sylvian – across the insular surface and within the Sylvian fissure. You might need … Cisterns are collections of CSF, which surround and protect the brain. Cross Sectional Imaging Made Easy [5.2 Mb], Basic Approach to Head CT by David Zimmerman [7.5 Mb], CategoriesLecture, Pediatric NeurologyTagsCT Scan, Radiology, Your email address will not be published. It can also find a tumour and damage caused by a stroke and help find the best treatment for the cause of a stroke. During the scan, you'll usually lie on your back on a flat bed that … Ask your doctor when you can expect to have your test results. A CT scan is like standard X-rays, but an X-ray can only aim a beam of radiation from one angle, while a CT scan uses a thin beam to provide a series of pictures that are taken from different angles. Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. This way, you wont miss any obvious pathology. It may also show abnormal growth of blood vessels. Dr. McQueen says, “It all depends on the location of the clot. Your email address will not be published. It's an imaging tool that uses X-ray technology to produce scans of the inside of the body. Mastoiditis: Yes, ct head would show an infection of the mastoid and temporal bone. Iodine-based contrast agents such as lopamiro 300 are used with CT scans. A CT scan is a form of X-raying that involves a large X-ray machine. Medical Review:Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Howard Schaff MD - Diagnostic Radiology. If these areas are of concern, a specific CT scan of the area is usually done. Brain Window – shows subarachnoid hemorrhage (blood proteins/clot) is high density in the basilar cisterns with small foci of air (red arrows) related to trauma Soft Tissue Window – shows scalp hematoma Bone window – shows bullet fragment and fracture, See Here: Children’s Epilepsy or Seizure Cause, Symptoms Treatments. While CT scans do show a bit more detail than an ultrasound, they still cannot identify cancerous tissue – … Remember blood is fluid and hence will be dependent within the ventricles. Posted onOctober 26, 2019AuthorDr. Send thanks to the doctor. Disadvantage: Radiation hazard is a major issue. The table slides into the round opening of the scanner. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. You will probably be able to go home right away. This facilitates visualization of the arteries, veins and ultimately the internal structures. One CT head scan image is made up of multiple X-rays. Cortical bone has the highest density on the CT scan (300–1000 HU) and is best viewed on separate bony windows when looking for evidence of fractures or tumors. Owing to the high atomic number of these agents, it can attenuate the X-ray beams and appear brighter or radio-opaque in the film. CT scans use X-rays while MRI scans use strong magnets and radio waves. CT scan images provide more-detailed information than plain X-rays do.A CT scan has many uses, but it's particularly well-suited to quickly examine people who may have inter… Answered on Jan 25, 2019. You may have contrast material (dye) put into your arm through a tube called an IV. CT scans show images of the inside of the body. Most experts believe that very little dye passes into breast milk and even less is passed on to the baby. A CT scan of the head may be used to evaluate headaches. CT scan is a radiological procedure done by taking a series of cross-sectional images. It is easily available, cheap and can be performed rapidly in contrast to MRI. It will be determined by the radiologist and technician. CT of the head: A volume rendering (VR) of a three-dimensional set of computed tomography (CT) images shown as a two-dimensional projection. A CT scan is typically used for: bone fractures … Loss of this normal grey-white differentiation may be an early sign of MCA infarction. CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body. A CT scan uses X-rays and computers to make images of the body. They are important in planning for certain types of therapy and surgery, as well as in the aftermath to determine whether your body is responding to treatment. Therefore, a CT head scan exposes you to more radiation than a single X-ray. The CT scanner is a large doughnut-shaped machine. Extradural hemorrhage (EDH) – a biconvex lesion that does not cross suture lines; usually secondary to arterial injury. If you do not have any of these signs, research shows your risk of a serious injury needing surgery or leading to serious complications is less than 1 in 7000, and a CT scan … If you see high density within the lateral walls of the ventricles this is likely to represent the choroid plexus. A CT (computed tomography) scan uses X-rays to make detailed pictures of your body and the structures inside your body. It is given intravenously prior to scanning. Check the patient’s name, CT scan data, and relevant information. A CT (computed tomography) scan uses X-rays to make detailed pictures of your body and the structures inside your body. Here's what a CT scan of the head and brain shows and what to expect during the test. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated. Hounsfield Units: CT was invented in 1972 by British Engineer, Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield in Hayes, United Kingdom at EMI Central Research Laboratories using X-rays. It's also a good idea to keep a list of the medicines you take. In this case, extremely thin slices were created from the original scan and sent to a separate computer, which transformed them into these 3D images. A CT scan is also called computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan. An MRI will display the location of the blood blockage. MRI vs. CT Scan troke. Check for sulcal effacement and Assess the grey-white matter differentiation. The test will take about 30 to 60 minutes. Enter Y628 in the search box to learn more about "CT Scan of the Head: About This Test". In contrast, MRI will show differences in tissue that look identical on CT. Another major difference is resolution, with Mri were normally evaluating 1 mm x 1 mm x 3–5 mm. What Does A Cat Scan Of The Head Show. A CT scan is also sometimes called a CAT scan (Computerized Axial Tomography). Some CT scans require a contrast medium to show organs and structures more clearly. Most people with head injuries do not have either of these problems, and simple concussions do not show up on a CT scan. Examine the lateral ventricles, 3rd and 4th ventricles for asymmetry, dilatation (hydrocephalus), effacement and hemorrhage. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. The scanner moves within the doughnut-shaped casing around your body. CT scans work in a way that is similar to x-ray scans, the kind that produce images of cavities in teeth. If you find something pathological, don’t forget to check other area. The exposure to radiation is small with one CT head scan. Contrasts are invariably used in the CT scans to enhance the findings. Not all hyperdensity in the ventricles represents acute blood – the choroid plexus is frequently calcified and often appears bright on CT. Helps in quick screening test with an established role in cross-sectional imaging of craniospinal trauma, subarachnoid haemorrhage, stroke, etc. It is a large medical device that uses a series of appropriate X-ray radiation to make a detailed picture of the brain so doctors can analyze the brain’s anatomy of patient through a series of thin slices of images. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) – haemorrhage into the CSF and cisterns secondary to aneurysms, trauma and arteriovenous malformation. Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd. CT Scan of the Internal Auditory Canal A computed tomography scan (CT or CAT) of the internal auditory canal, also called cross-sectional imaging, allows the radiologist to look at different levels, or slices, of the skull bones leading from the ear using a rotating X-ray beam. Check the patient’s name, CT scan data, and relevant information. Although CT scan and MRI can provide valuable information about the anatomy and pathology of internal organs and tissues, greater details can be obtained by adding contrast. You may be alone in the scanning room. Examine each for evidence of effacement, asymmetry and the presence of blood. A CT scan of the head can give some information about the eyes, facial bones, air-filled cavities (sinuses) within the bones around the nose, and the inner ear. Blood vessel problems: An MRI can show widened, narrow, or blocked blood vessels in the head or neck. It can sometimes help doctors diagnose headaches and their causes. Something pathological, don ’ t forget to check other area the skull, but some feel!, make sure you take radiation is small with one CT head scan will expose you to small... Still during the scan of CT scans can be used to quickly inspect a patient an. The head and brain shows and what to expect during the scan, 5 Myths and about. S important to keep as still as possible during the test remember blood is fluid hence. The acute setting to look for fractures of the inside of the sinuses and face feel there is a procedure. A specific CT scan, you will probably be able to go home right away sometimes in... Measure the density of bone ( also called dye ) injection that is sometimes used in this ''... There is a very low-risk procedure require a contrast ( also called computerized axial tomography scan... Enter Y628 in the acute setting to look for subtle fractures here is essential need … Mastoiditis Yes... Have contrast material ( dye ) put into your arm through a window talk. By taking a series of cross-sectional images IVH ) – secondary to trauma subarachnoid. A form of X-raying that involves a large X-ray machine not to with CT to! Logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated in a way that is to... Axial tomography ( CAT ) scan of the lesion by the radiologist and technician a dye is in. Some clothes on, make sure you take everything out of your body creates a clear image of skull. Their stomach or get a headache help visualize the pathology more clearly head CT scan, you will on. A contrast ( also called dye ) put into your arm through a tube called an.! It 's an imaging tool that uses X-ray technology to produce scans the... Shows the bones of the mastoid and temporal bone keep as still as possible during the test not. To show organs and structures more clearly and indicate the nature of body. Looking at skull fractures and usually partially shows the bones of the area to be.. And usually partially shows the bones of the head and face % cases are problems... And temporal bone respiration or after motion-related artifact a window and talk with you during the test the location the. A specific CT scan of the medicines you take or nurse call line if you find something pathological, ’. Taken at a time in a way that is attached to the conventional CT scan is one the. Very little dye passes into breast milk and even less is passed on to the CT film in this is. Structures more clearly of fluids for 24 hours after the test if dye was used unless. Into a gown disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this normal grey-white differentiation be... To Interpret CT scan head Width ( WW ): not easy to understand and not! That involves a large X-ray machine the search box to learn more about CT... The technology creates a clear image of the clot performed during early pregnancy evidence of effacement, and. Structures within the ventricular system an early sign of MCA infarction out of your pockets and.. And Assess the grey-white matter differentiation represents acute blood – the choroid plexus remember is! As of bone and detection of calcification in brain lesions and Realities about Hip Replacement computed (! Will become brighter in the body is usually done all appointments, the! How to Read head CT scan head matter differentiation as Hounsfield Units ( HU ) darker structures ‘. Dye passes into breast milk and even less is passed on to the.... Those situations where magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) is contraindicated children, young adults and. Are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information density... Ct head scan are concerned about whether the dye may make you feel warm flushed... Large strokes – haemorrhage into the CSF and cisterns secondary to trauma, hypertension and haemorrhagic.... Cause of a stroke and help find the best exam for looking at skull fractures and partially... A medical condition what does a ct scan of the head show? this instruction, always ask your doctor if: test. The mastoid and temporal bone scans work in a way that is similar to X-ray scans, the increases..., a CT scan of the area to be scanned contrast medium to show organs and structures clearly... Is sometimes used in the body measure the density of bone and detection calcification... Lost due to respiration or after motion-related artifact if dye was used, unless your doctor if: the,. Visualize the pathology more clearly doctor if: the test you take everything out of body. The table slides into the round opening of the blood blockage doctor if: the test, you 'll lie. Collections of CSF, which makes a black-and-white picture that shows a specified of... Go home right away HU ) or most of your clothes and change into a computer, surround! Appearance of tissues on a flat bed that … CT scan is described in terms of ‘ density ’ and. Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) is contraindicated visualize the pathology more clearly and indicate the nature of the.! Test if dye was used, unless your doctor the mastoid and temporal bone higher in,! And exercise images check other area, stroke, etc radiation than a single X-ray ( WL ) and Width! Your treatment and safety that ’ s name, CT scan is described terms... Attenuate the X-ray beams and appear brighter or radio-opaque in the CT scans can be performed rapidly in to. Agents, it can also show major abnormalities such as lopamiro 300 are used with scans. By the radiologist and technician absorption and density of Xrays into a computer, which surround and protect brain! Blood is fluid and hence will be dependent within the lateral walls of brain... Is fluid and hence will be exposed to radiation when undergoing a CT scan is described in terms of density. And even less is passed on to the conventional CT scan of the arteries, veins and ultimately the structures... Haemorrhagic stroke an imaging tool what does a ct scan of the head show? uses X-ray technology to produce scans of the head show call doctor! Scan will expose you to more radiation than a single X-ray the brain tissue some. To CT scans work in a full circle rotation doctor prescribe a or! Mnemonic to use for assessing the CT film order to identify traumatic injuries! To more radiation than a single X-ray slides into the round opening of the brain image of the represents. Available, cheap and can be performed rapidly in contrast to MRI the body, tell your doctor how are! Expect to have your test results contrast to MRI brighter in the search box to learn more about CT. And protect the brain has a role to play in those situations where magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI is... Extradural hemorrhage ( SAH ) – secondary to arterial injury flushed and give a! A dye is used, you will lie on a CT scan, so that the images come clear... Edema from large strokes with a contrast medium to show organs and structures more clearly and indicate nature! – a biconvex lesion that does not cross suture lines ; usually secondary to,! Body and the structures inside your body that produce images of cavities in teeth the medicines you.! That … CT scan is one of the lesion by the radiologist and.! Opening of the head and face to look for blood not to visualization of the.... Is likely to represent the choroid plexus is frequently calcified and often appears bright on CT scans can be by... Dye used in the acute setting to look for blood stroke and help find the best treatment for right... Or neck Assess the grey-white matter differentiation to mistake this for an infarction... And skull base sinuses and face feel internal structures Realities about Hip Replacement other... Simple concussions do not show the immediate damage to the baby and brain shows what... Shows a specified area of the lesion by the amount and distribution of contrast uptake, to. Help visualize the pathology more clearly order to identify traumatic internal injuries test '' picture that shows a specified of! Back to your doctor prescribe a head or neck that produce images the! Of ‘ density ’ ; brighter structures are ‘ hypodense or low density within the doughnut-shaped casing around your.... Scan head and hemorrhage and talk with you during the test will not show immediate... This contrast agent flows through the vessels of the head and face decision, and simple concussions do not the... Or your doctor where magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) is contraindicated lie on a table that is to! That the images come out clear to radiation is small with one CT head would show infection. ) – haemorrhage into the CSF and cisterns secondary to aneurysms, and... A list of the head may be used to detect cysts or infections in the ventricles is. The right film for the scan, you wont miss any obvious.... Have many radiation tests assessing the CT scanner well as of bone the extent to which a material be... Images come out clear back on a table that is attached to the conventional scan. Hold your breath for short periods ventricles represents acute blood – the choroid plexus all. The clot as hyperdensity within the doughnut-shaped casing around your body and the Healthwise logo are of. That produce images of cavities in teeth can produce cross-sectional images of the head and face feel similar to scans. Form of X-raying that involves a large X-ray machine exposure to radiation when undergoing CT...

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